CONCENTRATION OF AIR POLLUTANTS AND THEIR HEALTH EFFECTS ON RESIDENCE OF PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

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Bushra Bushra Iftikhar
Zaid Ali
Kashif Ur Rehman
Osama Sherjeel Khan
Assam Ullah

Abstract

Objective: To find out the variation in concentration of different pollutants at different sites and health related problems
faced by individuals.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in Peshawar City, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan
between January 2017 to May 2017. A total of 94 different participants were recruited through non-probability convenience
sampling technique to find health effects due to air pollution. Concentration of air pollutants were determined
using air quality detector device.
Results: Our study results showed that concentration of NO2 and particulate matter were elevated well above the normal
limits. Out of the total study subjects; about 17% participants Vital Capacity (VC), 9% Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and
22% Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Sec (FEV1) were below normal. Further elaborating, out of these total results 13%
Vital Capacity, 16% Forced Vital Capacity & 37% Forced Expiratory Volume in 1st Second in females was less than
normal value of 70%. Whereas, 16% Vital Capacity, 6% Forced Vital Capacity and 9% Forced Expiratory Volume in 1st
Second in males was less than the normal value of 70%.
Conclusion: It is concluded that air pollution is a rising issue in this modern day causing many problems and requiring
concern and action.

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