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Objectives: To find out the frequency of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the female population of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Material and Methods: Two hundred pregnant women with impaired blood glucose level were included in this cross
sectional study conducted in Department of Gynaecology and Pathology Khyber Teaching Hospital and Nasir Teaching
Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan from January 2016 to December 2016. Participants included were women with gestational
age up till 28 weeks, with positive family history for diabetes mellitus, signs and symptoms of Diabetes, obesity
and bad obstetrical history. Women above the age of 40 years and known diabetics were not included in this study. In
accordance to inclusion criteria fasting, random blood sugar levels and OGTT was done.
Results: Minimum age was 16 years and maximum age was 40 years with mean age of 28 years (SD ±6.1). The number
of female with positive family history for diabetes mellitus was 136 and mostly women of gravida 1 and gravida 2 were
affected. Out of total 200 patients, 10% of the participants showed raised sugar level on OGTT.
Conclusion: The frequency of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is high amongst the women of KPK in gravida 1 and 2.
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